When we talk about restoring your business place to comfortable and useful place, pre-damage conditions involves water removal, decontamination, and drying. In cases of water damage it’s important to act fast. Standing water and moisture create the perfect environment for bacteria and mold. Prolonged exposure to an environment like this can lead to allergic reactions and even disease.
Parts of a water-damaged building may need to be rebuilt. Materials like drywall and carpet that have absorbed water often develop bacteria and mold that can’t be removed. Replacing these materials is safer than allowing infectious organisms to saturate the air. With American Loss Consultant find a professional to do this job won’t be hard, and it won’t take long time, because American Loss Consultant will make sure you get the best assistant and the best attention.
Materials that may need to be replaced include:
-Heating and air conditioning systems
The Water Restoration Process
Repairing a water damaged home involves a process starting with a thorough inspection of the damage to the replacement of flooring, walls, and ceilings.
Step 1: Inspection – A professional can best assess the extent of water damage in your home. Each inspection determines a class and category of water damage. Defining the class and category of water damage helps outline the best means to restore your property. In American Loss Consultant we will find the best expert to value and classify the category of the damage in your property.
Classes of Water Damage
- Class 1 damage involves part of a room that has absorbed little moisture. It’s the least level of damage.
- Class 2 damage has affected an entire room and has absorbed into carpeting and walls.
- Class 3 damage has absorbed up into the walls, saturated most of the area, and may have come through the ceiling. Class 3 damage is considered the worst.
- Class 4 damage requires specialty drying due damage done to materials such as hardwood, stone and concrete.
Categories of Water Damage
- Category 1 involves damage from a clean water source such as toilet tanks, broken pipes supplying clean water. Category 1 water damage can degrade into Category 2 or 3 if it sits too long.
- Category 2 involves damage from “grey water,” such as washing machine or dishwasher water containing detergents. It may also involve water containing urine from toilet overflows.
- Category 3 involves completely unsanitary water that can easily cause illness, disease, or death. Category 3 water comes from sewage, river flooding, and standing water that has begun growing bacteria and other microbes.
Step 2: Water Removal – Pumps and vacuums are used to remove water from your home. The type of equipment needed depends on the extent of the water damage. Water removal begins as soon as possible to prevent mold and bacteria growth.
Step 3: Drying – After all standing water and absorbent surfaces are vacuumed, drying and dehumidification begins. This step is important to clear up any remaining moisture after water removal. The drying out process can take several weeks to fully complete.
Step 4: Cleaning – All personal belongings need to be cleaned and sanitized to prevent unwanted mold and bacterial growth. Carpeting, clothing, and drapery are given antimicrobial treatments. Air scrubbers may also be used to remove particles and moisture from the air.
Step 5: Restoration – The biggest step in the process is restoration. Restoration involves replacing materials like drywall and insulation. Sometimes this process is as simple as installing a few panels of drywall, while serious cases could require replacing entire walls. Exposure to toxic substances like lead and asbestos is possible during restoration. Older buildings are likely to contain these substances. Here is were we take the principal role by hiring the best in the restoration field we can find, American Loss Consultant will find the perfect restoration company for your needs.
In the event of unknown water damage, many homeowners aren’t able to prevent mold growth. A tiny leak in the roof or pipes can persist for months before you notice it. In a situation like this, the restoration process takes even longer.
Take in consideration that the exposure to water-damaged buildings causes many health effects. The complex mixture of contaminants present in the air and in the dust of water damaged buildings form levels of toxicity that can lead to a variety of symptoms commonly known as inflammatory response and includes mould illness. There are many ways buildings become home to a toxic mix of microbes and harmful chemicals. Structures can promote the growth of fungi and bacteria, as a result of construction defects, damp subfloor areas, and buildings exposed to saturated groundwater conditions, excessive condensation, and exposure to constant high humidity, water ingress events which are not correctly remediated.
Water damage we must be aware of
There are many ways in which water and moisture can damage a building, these can include obvious water damage caused by weather events, including flooding, burst water pipes and sewage overflows. There are also many less obvious means of water damage that can result in mould contamination in buildings including water damage from failed waterproof membranes on balcony’s and in bathrooms and laundry areas, a slow dripping pipe within a wall cavity or in a roof space, excessive condensation in a subfloor area caused by underfloor HVAC systems, high humidity resulting from insufficient ventilation inside a home and the impact of rising damp on structural timbers and flooring.
What are the contaminants that are generated by water damaged buildings?
The indoor air quality of water damaged buildings is affected by the presence of various biological contaminants, including mould, bacteria, microbial metabolites, microbial fragments and volatile organic contaminants. This collection of biological contaminants referred to as ‘bioaerosols’, can lead to serious health problems. Water damaged buildings provide ideal conditions for the growth of mould and other microbes that thrive in moist environments with cellulose-based food sources (such as wood, fibre boards and other building materials).
The following are the main types of contaminants found in damp indoor environments:
- Mould is a type of fungi that grow as multicellular filaments and reproduces by forming spores. Mould grows well in damp and warm environments and thrives in water-damaged The most common types of mould that are found indoors include Cladosporium, Penicillium, Alternaria, Aspergillus, and Stachybotrys chartarum (“black mould”).
- Mould and other types of fungi can produce secondary metabolites called mycotoxins that are highly toxic when released into the air and aerosolized. Some of the most harmful mycotoxins are aflatoxins, ergot, ochratoxins, and trichothecenes.
- Bacteria are a large family of single-celled microorganisms that can be pathogenic (disease-causing) or non-pathogenic. The damp environment inside water damaged buildings promotes the growth of several types of bacteria. Actinomycetes are a type of gram-positive bacteria that are commonly found in such buildings. Mycobacteria are another class of harmful bacteria that are found to cause health effects.
- Endotoxins and exotoxins. These are toxins produced by bacteria. Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) and hemolysins are common endotoxins and exotoxins, respectively, which have adverse health effects.
- Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs). The growth of mould, as well as the excess moisture, can cause chemical decomposition of the building materials, and lead to the release of volatile organic contaminants into the air.
- Microbial Volatile Organic Compounds (mVOCs). Microbes can also release organic compounds into the air through metabolism. Fungi and bacteria can both produce mVOCs inside water-damaged
- Microbial particulates. Fragments of mould filaments, spores and bacteria are also present in the indoor air.