- 1 American Loss , Concrete, Brick, and Stone
- 2 Concrete, Brick and Stone at home
- 3 Pro´s and Con´s
- 4 Deterioration of Structures
- 5 Deterioration
- 6 Damages by Irregular Foundations
- 7 Inadequate Placement of the Elements
- 8 Physical Damage by External Forces
- 9 Damages Caused by Vegetation
- 10 Durability of Masonry at Buildings: usual issues
- 11 Craks
- 12 Fissures
- 13 Solving Masonry Problems: Rely them on the Experts
- 14 Contact American Loss Company today.
American Loss , Concrete, Brick, and Stone
Concrete, Brick and Stone at home
Masonry is the name of the technique used to build structures from individual materials, like bricks, stones, or concrete blocks, bound together by concrete or another form of mortar. Masonry can be used in parts of a structure, or in the whole building. Structures made by masonry generally last for a long time, that is why it has become the most common building technique. Yet, there are factors like materials used, workmanship techniques, and quality of the materials that can affect the structural strength and reduce life expectancy.
Pro´s and Con´s
There are many advantages to using masonry in a building. Materials like bricks and stones increase the thermal mass of a building, which helps keep a constant temperature inside. Materials used in masonry have mineral components which are non-combustible, so the buildings have a certain degree of fire resistance. And finally, masonry walls are sturdier than wood panels walls, giving more protection against flying objects, like debris during hurricanes or tornadoes.
However, masonry also has several disadvantages. Masonry constructions are heavy and must be built on a strong foundation if not the structure might suffer cracks along it. Masonry construction does not mix well with mechanization and requires skilled workers to make sure the building will last as intended and avoid damages during construction. Masonry buildings consist of individual pieces that might get loose, affecting its resistance against disasters like quakes. Also, extreme weather conditions might cause degradation on the masonry due to the expansion and contraction forces experienced during freeze-thaw cycles, especially during winter.
Deterioration of Structures
Deterioration and damage to masonry structures are common and might happen for several reasons.
It can be caused by humidity problems: structures exposed to different humidity levels, like walls, absorb water that evaporates after some hours. This variation in water content causes expansions and contractions that lead to altered dimensions. These changes, in turn, translate in a thrust that moves neighboring elements damaging the whole structural integrity.
Damages by Irregular Foundations
The foundations laid on soil with clay content expand in the presence of water. The presence of water expands the volume of the soil; the wall exerts a downward pressure, so that in the presence of a certain amount of water, ground forces can push the masonry upwards. And when the water drains and the wall return to its original place, the mortar and bricks will suffer cracks
Inadequate Placement of the Elements
Masonry works must be done by professional masons. Misaligned bricks, weak mortar, and lack of supervision of the work might lead to damages that could have been easily avoided.
Physical Damage by External Forces
Sometimes during the planning process of a masonry structure external forces are overlooked. Ground movements, quakes, car crashes, and weak restoration projects made by the homeowner cause damages not foreseen. For such cases, it is advised to let experts handle the damage.
Damages Caused by Vegetation
The growth of vegetation can seriously damage the masonry of a house. The roots and branches enter deep into the brickwork where they cause pressure on the brickwork, causing cracks, fissures, and in the end, the destruction of the masonry. When such cases arise, where vegetation affects the masonry, not only the visible part of the plant must be removed, but the roots too.
Durability of Masonry at Buildings: usual issues
Cracks and fissures are the most visible signal of damage in the masonry of a building. Such signals might appear at any time and place, like in staircases, exterior walls, and bricks, and with any orientation, like vertical, horizontal, diagonal, or parallel.
It should be borne in mind that during the first ten years of a building’s life it is quite common for small cracks or fissures to appear in diverse parts of the building. Cracks and fissures are different kinds of damage and have different treatments.
Cracks width is minimal, similar to the width of a needle, and they appear, generally, by a bad plastering, defects in the application of the painting, or another kind of superficial damage. Generally speaking, cracks are defects caused by carelessness during the final process of the construction, and do not affect the stability of the structure. However, cracks diminish the attractiveness of the building and should be treated to restore aesthetic harmony.
Fissures are deep openings that appear in walls and go through the entire depth of the brick. This is damage to the structure and It can lead to the wall falling down. The most concerning fissures are those that would force to take urgent measures, some of them are fissures through which a pencil can be inserted; fissures that cross the wall completely and fissures that are diagonally oriented towards the ground and in the shape of a staircase. These are known as risk cracks and pose a serious danger to people who pass near this structure, especially if it is at home or workplace.
Sometimes seeing cracks in the walls fill the homeowner with fear, who in response makes mistakes or inadequate choices. A common mistake is to try to cover cracks or repair them with some type of filler or wallpaper. This should not be done because it hinders the examination and subsequent assessment by an expert and, beyond the possible aesthetic improvement, it does not prevent the serious risks that may arise from cracks arising from a structural problem. Therefore, it is advisable not to act on the defects appearing on the wall until it has been checked and diagnosed by a professional.
Solving Masonry Problems: Rely them on the Experts
The appearance of cracks or fissures is indicative of an anomaly and it is strongly recommended to hire an expert to analyze the situation and determine the measures to be taken to solve the problem. A delicate matter like the integrity of a home or commercial building should not be assessed by homeowners or an unprofessional company. American Loss Company offers a portfolio with the highest qualified experts and tools required to tackle any restoration project and deliver a satisfactory result to the affected party.
Thankfully, when the masonry work on a building suffers damages, it can be restored by a specialized company. Performing a restoration on a masonry structure involves repairing the original materials used or completely replacing the damaged materials with new concrete, bricks or stones. As with any other kind of restoration, matching the color, texture and other properties of the materials is what makes the restoration unnoticeable and keep the aesthetic of the building.
We, at American Loss Company, have the most suitable and effective contacts that manage expert techniques and top quality products for repairing cracks, restoring and protecting the different degraded materials, providing an unbeatable aesthetic result.
Experts are professionally qualified and possess the necessary experience to make an accurate diagnosis of the structure taking into account calibration measures, expansion, weights, and materials of structures and other components of the building. They will advise you on the best approach to offer you a lasting installation of the best quality.
American Loss Company is easy to contact. We are perfectly identifiable and easy to locate with several communication channels. We promise fluid communication through the project. If you have any question or complaint, we will give you an immediate solution.
Contact us get a free inspection. We are leaders at concrete, brick, and stone restorations and installation.